Born on the 27th of May 1332, Ibn Khaldun (/ˌɪbənxælˈduːn/; Arabic: أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي‎, Abū Zayd ‘Abd ar-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Khaldūn al-Ḥaḍramī; May 27, 1332 – March 19, 1406) was a popular historiographer as well as a historian from North Africa. He is being claim to be the actual founder of the current scientific disciplines of demography and sociology. Khaldun lived until the 19th of March 1406. He is mostly known for the book Prolegomena which influenced a lot of different historians from the 17th Century such as Mustafa Naima.

The latter used Khaldun’s theories in order to properly analyze the actual growth of powerful Ottoman Empire. What is more, European scholars from the 19th century also allegedly acknowledge the actual significance of his work and named him to be one of the greatest Arab philosophers to have lived in the Middle Ages.

Birth home of Ibn Khaldoun at Tunis

Early Life and Education

Now, Khaldun comes from a family of significant authority who held a lot of different high offices in Andalusia. Some of his family was even named important politicians at that time. This enabled Khaldun to have access to highly respected teachers which gave him great educational background. He studied with some of the best teachers and received the most traditional Islamic education. He memorized the Qur’an by heart, and with this thorough understanding, he moved forward. He also received certification for Hadith, Sharia as well as Fiqh – legal specializations.

Ibn Khaldoun Statue and Square, Mohandesin, Cairo


Even though Khaldun followed a political career as per the traditions of his family, he is mostly known for the rather philosophical books that he wrote. Some of his most famous ones which are still used for certain references include the “Book of Lessons” as well as the “Introduction”. In any case, Ibn Khaldun is praised as one of the most influential philosophers with tight relations to a wide range of different fields such as Political science, Demography, Economics, Historiography, and Sociology.

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