Omar Al-Mukhtar Muhammad Ibn Farhat Bredan (Arabic: عُمَرْ الْمُخْتَارْ مُحَمَّدْ بِنْ فَرْحَاتْ بُرَيْدَانْ‎‎; 20 August 1858 – 16 September 1931), known among the Colonial Italians as Matari of the Mnifa,  was the leader of Libyan Mujahideen against the Italian Colonization of Libya, he is Considered the National Hero of Libya and a symbol of Resistance in the Arab World, Beginning in 1911, he organized and, for nearly twenty years, led native resistance against the Colonial Italians, after many attempts, the Italian Armed forces managed to capture Al-Mukhtar near Slonta and hanged him in 1931.

Omar Al-Mukhtar also fought against the French Colonization of Chad and the British Occupation of Egypt.

Mukhtar's final adversary, Italian General Rodolfo Graziani, has given a description of the Senusite leader that is not lacking in respect: "Of medium height, stout, with white hair, beard and mustache. Omar was endowed with a quick and lively intelligence; was knowledgeable in religious matters, and revealed an energetic and impetuous character, unselfish and uncompromising; ultimately, he remained very religious and poor, even though he had been one of the most important Senusist figures."

Source: Wikipedia

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